Calcium carbide CaC2 manufacturers, suppliers, exporters, producers, and supplier in Sohar Muscat Barka Ruwi Madayn Salalah
Sohar chemical is one of the leading Calcium carbide CaC2 manufacturers, suppliers, exporters, producers, and supplier in Sohar Muscat Barka Ruwi Madayn Salalah. We are supplied into various industrial markets including Household, Institutional Cleaning, Personal Care, and Industrial sectors including Oil fields, Agriculture, Lubricants, Marine Industry, Metal Working chemical industry, and Coatings markets.
Calcium carbide, also known as calcium acetylide, is a chemical compound with the chemical formula of CaC2. Its main use of industrially is in the production of acetylene and calcium cyanamide.
The pure material is colorless, however, pieces of technical-grade calcium carbide are grey or brown and consist of about 80–85% of CaC2 (the rest is CaO (calcium oxide), Ca3P2 (calcium phosphide), CaS (calcium sulfide), Ca3N2 (calcium nitride), SiC (silicon carbide), etc.). In the presence of trace moisture, technical-grade calcium carbide emits an unpleasant odor reminiscent of garlic.
Applications of calcium carbide include the manufacture of acetylene gas, and the generation of acetylene in carbide lamps; the manufacture of chemicals for fertilizer; and steelmaking.
Calcium carbide is used:
Calcium carbide in the desulfurization of iron (pig iron, cast iron, and steel.
Calcium carbide as a fuel in steelmaking to extend the scrap ratio to liquid iron, depending on economics.
Calcium carbide is a powerful deoxidizer at ladle treatment facilities.
Calcium carbide is sometimes used as a source of acetylene gas, which is a ripening agent similar to ethylene. However, this is illegal in some countries as, in the production of acetylene from calcium carbide, contamination often leads to trace the production of phosphine and arsine. These impurities can be removed by passing the acetylene gas through acidified copper sulfate solution, but, in developing countries, this precaution is often neglected.
Calcium carbide is used in toy cannons such as the Big-Bang Cannon, as well as in bamboo cannons. In the Netherlands, calcium carbide is used around the new-year to shoot with milk churns.
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